Engagement of α(5)β(1)-integrin by fibronectin (FN) acutely enhances Cav1.2 channel (Ca(L)) current in rat arteriolar smooth muscle and human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293-T) expressing Ca(L). Using coimmunoprecipitation strategies, we show that coassociation of Ca(L) with α(5)- or β(1)-integrin in HEK293-T cells is specific and depends on cell adhesion to FN. In rat arteriolar smooth muscle, coassociations between Ca(L) and α(5)β(1)-integrin and between Ca(L) and phosphorylated c-Src are also revealed and enhanced by FN treatment. Using site-directed mutagenesis of Ca(L) heterologously expressed in HEK293-T cells, we identified two regions of Ca(L) required for these interactions: 1) COOH-terminal residues Ser(1901) and Tyr(2122), known to be phosphorylated by protein kinase A (PKA) and c-Src, respectively; and 2) two proline-rich domains (PRDs) near the middle of the COOH terminus. Immunofluorescence confocal imaging revealed a moderate degree of wild-type Ca(L) colocalization with β(1)-integrin on the plasma membrane. Collectively, our results strongly suggest that 1) upon ligation by FN, Ca(L) associates with α(5)β(1)-integrin in a macromolecular complex including PKA, c-Src, and potentially other protein kinases; 2) phosphorylation of Ca(L) at Y(2122) and/or S(1901) is required for association of Ca(L) with α(5)β(1)-integrin; and 3) c-Src, via binding to PRDs that reside in the II-III linker region and/or the COOH terminus of Ca(L), mediates current potentiation following α(5)β(1)-integrin engagement. These findings provide new evidence for how interactions between α(5)β(1)-integrin and FN can modulate Ca(L) entry and consequently alter the physiological function of multiple types of excitable cells.