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dc.contributor.advisorBercuson, David Jay
dc.contributor.authorLackenbauer, P. Whitney
dc.date.accessioned2005-08-19T20:54:17Z
dc.date.available2005-08-19T20:54:17Z
dc.date.issued2003
dc.identifier.citationLackenbauer, P. W. (2003). Vanishing Indian, vanishing military: military training and aboriginal lands in twentieth century Canada (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/12577en_US
dc.identifier.isbn0612934985en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1880/42580
dc.descriptionBibliography: p. 465-491.en
dc.description.abstractIn recent years, the closure or reduction of Canadian Forces facilities, the continued use of airspace for weapons testing and low-level flying, increased environmental awareness, and Aboriginal land claims have contributed to a growing interest in the acquisition, use and development of Aboriginal lands for military training. This dissertation explores how the military's interest in Aboriginal lands and concomitant relationships evolved through the twentieth century, using a comparative case study approach that includes various Aboriginal groups, geographic regions, and time periods. Drawing upon untapped archival sources, interviews, primary reports, and secondary literature, the case studies critically examine the land selection and acquisition process, expressions of communal and individual agency, and a myriad of political, socio-economic and environmental legacies stemming from military use. The final section explores the emergence of Native land claims in historical context and the consequent effects on relationships and memory. The results challenge prevailing depictions of the various participants, providing an important commentary on war and society in Canada that yields insight into conflict and cooperation in changing national and local historical contexts. Chapters one to five introduce relationships between the militia, the Department of Indian Affairs, and Indian bands from the turn of the century to 1939. In an era dominated by notions of the "vanishing Indian" and the idea that "surplus" reserve lands near growing cities represented an impediment to national and civic progress, local authorities overseeing the militia's expansion sometimes looked to nearby Indian reserves to meet training needs in an inexpensive and accessible way. The following two case studies deal with military training on Indian reserves during the Second World War, assessing the receptiveness of communities to military plans and the dynamics of federal decision-making in wartime. During the ensuing Cold War, operational requirements expanded and contracted in several cycles. Chapters eight to ten explore how competing interests in Indian reserves and traditional territories and shifting political priorities influenced new and pre-existing relationships between federal officials and Aboriginal communities. For a "vanishing military," the rise of Aboriginal activism brought new challenges, questions, and heightened pressures for change in the last three decades of the century.
dc.format.extentxxii, 496 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
dc.titleVanishing Indian, vanishing military: military training and aboriginal lands in twentieth century Canada
dc.typedoctoral thesis
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/12577
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.namePhD
thesis.degree.disciplineHistory
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgary
dc.identifier.lccAC1 .T484 2003 L3329en
dc.publisher.placeCalgaryen
ucalgary.thesis.notesUARCen
ucalgary.thesis.uarcreleaseyen
ucalgary.item.requestcopytrue
ucalgary.thesis.accessionTheses Collection 58.002:Box 1451 520708886


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University of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.