Assessing the performance of a Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) assay for the detection and subtyping of high-risk suptypes of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) for Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OPSCC) without DNA purification

dc.contributor.authorRohatensky, Mitchell G
dc.contributor.authorLivingstone, Devon M
dc.contributor.authorMintchev, Paul
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Heather K
dc.contributor.authorNakoneshny, Steven C
dc.contributor.authorDemetrick, Douglas J
dc.contributor.authorDort, Joseph C
dc.contributor.authorvan Marle, Guido
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-26T12:01:18Z
dc.date.available2018-09-26T12:01:18Z
dc.date.issued2018-02-08
dc.date.updated2018-09-26T12:01:18Z
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing in incidence despite a decline in traditional risk factors. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), specifically subtypes 16, 18, 31 and 35, has been implicated as the high-risk etiologic agent. HPV positive cancers have a significantly better prognosis than HPV negative cancers of comparable stage, and may benefit from different treatment regimens. Currently, HPV related carcinogenesis is established indirectly through Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining for p16, a tumour suppressor gene, or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that directly tests for HPV DNA in biopsied tissue. Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is more accurate than IHC, more rapid than PCR and is significantly less costly. In previous work we showed that a subtype specific HPV LAMP assay performed similar to PCR on purified DNA. In this study we examined the performance of this LAMP assay without DNA purification. Methods We used LAMP assays using established primers for HPV 16 and 18, and new primers for HPV 31 and 35. LAMP reaction conditions were tested on serial dilutions of plasmid HPV DNA to confirm minimum viral copy number detection thresholds. LAMP was then performed directly on different human cell line samples without DNA purification. Results Our LAMP assays could detect 105, 103, 104, and 105 copies of plasmid DNA for HPV 16, 18, 31, and 35, respectively. All primer sets were subtype specific, with no cross-amplification. Our LAMP assays also reliably amplified subtype specific HPV DNA from samples without requiring DNA isolation and purification. Conclusions The high risk OPSCC HPV subtype specific LAMP primer sets demonstrated, excellent clinically relevant, minimum copy number detection thresholds with an easy readout system. Amplification directly from samples without purification illustrated the robust nature of the assay, and the primers used. This lends further support HPV type specific LAMP assays, and these specific primer sets and assays can be further developed to test for HPV in OPSCC in resource and lab limited settings, or even bedside testing.
dc.identifier.citationBMC Cancer. 2018 Feb 08;18(1):166
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-4087-1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1880/107880
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderThe Author(s).
dc.titleAssessing the performance of a Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) assay for the detection and subtyping of high-risk suptypes of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) for Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OPSCC) without DNA purification
dc.typeJournal Article
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
12885_2018_Article_4087.pdf
Size:
1.31 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
0 B
Format:
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission
Description: