Least Squares for Practitioners

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In experimental science and engineering, least squares are ubiquitous in analysis and digital data processing applications. Minimizing sums of squares of some quantities can be interpreted in very different ways and confusion can arise in practice, especially concerning the optimality and reliability of the results. Interpretations of least squares in terms of norms and likelihoods need to be considered to provide guidelines for general users. Assuming minimal prerequisites, the following expository discussion is intended to elaborate on some of the mathematical characteristics of the least-squares methodology and some closely related questions in the analysis of the results, model identification, and reliability for practical applications. Examples of simple applications are included to illustrate some of the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of least squares in practice. Concluding remarks summarize the situation and provide some indications of practical areas of current research and development.
J. A. Rod Blais, “Least Squares for Practitioners,” Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2010, Article ID 508092, 19 pages, 2010. doi:10.1155/2010/508092