Browsing Volume 22, Winter 2000 by Issue Date
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- ItemOpen AccessHead in Yorùbá derived nouns(University of Calgary, 2000-01) Adéwọlé, L OStudies on Yorùbá have typically ignored or undervalued the place of word structure within a generative grammar. This neglect has a far reaching effect on the study of the language first, because words are the basic units in the description of any language and second, because the Yorùbá word structure offers a microcosm of some of the descriptive problems of sentences in the language. In this paper, therefore, we shall take a critical look at the notion, head, in the Yorùbá morphology within a variant of the Generalised Phrase Structure Grammar (GPSG henceforth) developed by Cann (1986).
- ItemOpen AccessA closer look at coalescence: the Slave D-effect*(University of Calgary, 2000-01) Wilhelm, AndreaI will analyze the Slave D-effect in the framework of Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 1993). My analysis will cover the full range of phenomena and will not refer to morphological information. This makes it superior to previous analyses of the D-effect, e.g., Lamontagne & Rice 1994, 1995, which have to refer to morphological information, and which do not account for all D-effect alternations. I will propose constraints guiding the inner workings of coalescence (which features of which input segment are maintained), thus shedding light on the nature of coalescence in general. Finally, I will show that my analysis is more valid universally, as it is compatible with accounts of coalescence in child language (Ganandesikan 1995).
- ItemOpen AccessSecondary stress in Russian compound words: evidence from poetic metrics(University of Calgary, 2000-01) Karpacheva, OlgaIn this paper I argue that it is necessary to distinguish between stress which is inherent in words and stress which is assigned at a phrasal level. More specifically, I argue that secondary stress in Russian compounds is superimposed on the existing word stress contours by rhythm. Support in favor of this claim comes from the distribution of secondary stress in Russian poetry. I show that secondary stress in Tutčev's verse is assigned to the first constituent of compounds only in strong metrical positions.
- ItemOpen AccessMorley Stoney pronouns: a feature geometry(University of Calgary, 2000-01) Mills, Timothy IanThe pronoun set of Morley Stoney (referred to simply as Stoney from this point) is not complex-it contains only seven forms-but it is organized in a unique way. In this paper, I will argue that, despite its uniqueness, the pronominal system in Stoney fits the geometry set out in Harley and Ritter's (1998) manuscript. I will demonstrate how Stoney reflects some of the more straightforward aspects of the theory, as well how one might account for the language's idiosyncratic aspects without straining the theory.
- ItemOpen AccessPronoun acquisition and the morphological feature geometry(University of Calgary, 2000-01) Hanson, RebeccaThe acquisition of pronouns has received limited attention in the literature, and there are few studies which deal with this topic in detail. From the data available, clear and sometimes surprising patterns of uniformity and variability emerge. Previous attempts to account for these patterns have all faced similar problems, specifically in explaining the heterogeneous initial set of pronouns (first person singular, and third person singular inanimate), and in accounting for the variation that is found. In this paper I find that these previously problematic areas are readily accounted for using the hierarchy of morphological features proposed by Ritter and Harley (1998).
- ItemOpen AccessReduplicative size-segmentism correlations as root-affix asymmetries(University of Calgary, 2000-01) Urbanczyk, SuzanneWhile a great deal of research on reduplication has focused on deriving shape invariance or segmental identity, as yet no study has investigated whether there is a correlation between reduplicative size and segmentism. This paper fills this gap and presents evidence that there is a correlation between size and segmental content, which standard theories cannot account for. In languages with multiple reduplicative morphemes, no language was found in which the smaller reduplicant had more marked structure than the larger reduplicant. Based on proposals by McCarthy and Prince (1994a, 1999), a model is developed which precisely captures this pattern. The central assumption is that reduplicative morphemes can be specified as root or affix. The larger size and more marked segments found in root reduplicants parallels findings in prespecified morphemes. A detailed analysis of Lushootseed reduplication illustrates the predictions of the model.
- ItemOpen AccessCalgary Working Papers in Linguistics, Volume 22, Winter 2000(University of Calgary, 2000-01) Atkey, Susan; Carson, Jana; Dobrovolsky, MichaelThe editors of this volume, Susan Atkey, Jana Carson, and Michael Dobrovolsky, are pleased to present the twenty-second issue of the Calgary Working Papers in Linguistics published by the Department of Linguistics at the University of Calgary. The papers contained in this volume represent works in progress and as such should not be considered in any way final or definitive.